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Infectious Disease

A pandemic is a disease outbreak that spans several countries and affects a large number of people. Pandemics are most often caused by viruses, like Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), which can easily spread from person to person.


Preventative Actions:

  • Avoid close contact with sick people.

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.

  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. germs spread this way.

  • Clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that may be contaminated with germ like flu.

  • If you are sick with flu-like illness, CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone for 24 hours without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.)

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. After using a tissue, throw it in the trash and wash your hands.

  • For more information on COVID-19 please visit our information page.


  • Most people with viruses have mild illness and do not need medical care or antiviral drugs.

  • If you get sick with flu/COVID-19 symptoms, in most cases, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people except to get medical care.

  • If, however, you have symptoms of flu/COVID-19-like symptoms and are in a high risk group, or are very sick or worried about your illness, contact your health care provider (doctor, physician assistant, etc.).

  • CDC recommends prompt treatment for people who have flu infection or suspected flu infection and who are at high risk of serious flu complications, such as people with asthma, diabetes or heart disease.

Additional Resources:

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